Petroleum Retention Lease 21

On 18th March 2011, Kina was awarded a 20% participating interest in PRL 21. PRL 21 covers an area of 729 sq km and has a term of 5 years. It contains 2 wet gas discoveries Elevala-1 and Ketu-1. Kina divested 5% for US $5.5m to meet its drilling obligations within PRL 21 during 2011.

The participants in PRL 21 are:

Party Interest
Horizon Oil (Papua) Limited 27%
Talisman Energy NIUGINI Inc. 32.5%
Kina Petroleum Limited 15%
Mitsubishi 7.5%
Osaka Oil 18%
Total 100%

Location and Infrastructure

PRL 21 is located close to existing port and shipping infrastructure between the Strickland and Fly Rivers. The Fly River is navigable to ocean going barges to the coast and beyond(Fig 5.3). Ok Tedi Mining Limited has a major export facility at Kiunga.


PRL 21 is located in the Foreland of the Papuan Basin with upwards of 3 kilometres of clastics, coals, limestones and shale overlying the uppermost reservoir sandstone, below the Ieru shale which is gas bearing in PRL21.

The Elevala sandstone and two other less developed sandstones, the Toro and Imburu comprise the primary exploration and production objectives within the license. The Elevala sandstone previously flowed 11.9 MMscf/d gas and 634 bbl/d condensate from the Elevala 1 well in 1990. Neither the Toro nor Imburu sands have been tested in the Elevala-1 well.

To the north lies the Ketu Structure, which is a fault bounded horst block. Ketu-1 intersected a similar section to Elevala 1 with gas deeper in Elevala Sandstone. The Toro and Imburu sandstones were water bearing.

History and Previous Exploration

Seismic exploration began in 1969 with Kiunga-1 drilled in 1980. Toro Sandstone was intersected and although salt-water bearing, encouraging oil shows were seen.

In 1987 Santos acquired the area and recorded seismic data over Elevala and Ketu in 1989. British Petroleum drilled Elevala-1 and Ketu-1 wells in 1990 under a farm-in agreement with Santos.

Santos carried forward exploration in the area by drilling Stanley-1 in 1999, which discovered gas-condensate in the Toro Sandstone. Post relinquishment in 1999 by Santos the Stanley discovery was preserved as PRL 4 and, effective 14 February 2000, Elevala and Ketu as PRL 5.

On March 18, 2011 PRL 5 was reissued as PRL 21.

Regional Activity

PPL 10 has been issued to Horizon Oil Limited, Talisman Energy Inc and Mitsubishi. Talisman is operating the development with development drilling completed.


2 seismic surveys on the Elevala, Tingu and Ketu structures were completed in 2011 and 2014.


Appraisal drilling commenced with the drilling of Elevala-2A in late 2011, located to the west and down-dip from the crest of the Elevala sandstone in Elevala-1. Elevala-2 raised the northern flank of the structure and Elevala 2 confirmed the gas water contact of the field.

Ketu-2 was spudded in March, 2012. The well was tested in May 2012 and flowed gas at rates of 35 – 40 mmscfd & 50-60 bbl/mmscf condensate. Tingu-1 was drilled and tests in October 2013 flowed 46 mmscfd with 50-60 bbl/mmscf of condensate.

A PDL application was submitted in March 2014. FEED is underway and tenders for the development are being assessed. FID and a commitment to development are expected in 2015.